Ilex

Holly are common shrubs, well known for their spiny leaves and red berries. There are plain and variegated leaf types.

Berries only appear on the female variant of the Holly, with male ones needed nearby to ensure pollination.

The shrub is best suited to full sun or part shade, but can be grown in deep shade. However, deep shade is only recommended for varieties which are not variegated.

It can be planted in any soil, any exposure, and any pH level so long as the soil is well-drained. In ideal conditions, they can grow up to four metres by four metres.

The ‘aquifolium’ variety is popular with pollinators.