Acorus Calamus (Sweet Flag)
A water grass with strong growing properties featuring dark sword-like leaves. It has aromatic foliage and is suited to sun or part shade.
A variegated variety is also available.
Acorus Gramineus Variegatus
Slender grass which dark green foliage and a line of white or yellow. Best suited to part shade and sunny locations.
Acorus Gramineus Ogon
A golden coloured sweet flag which adds a flash of colour to the pond. Prefers part shade and sunny locations.
Acorus Gramineus Pusillus
Grassy in appearance, it has narrow sword-shaped leaves with golden colours mixed in. Spreads very slowly.
Alisma – Parviflora
Produces rounded foliage with small white flowers. The plant loses its leaves in the colder months leaving a skeleton structure.
Alisma – Plantago
Well-liked by bees, this is a hardy plant with pink and white flowers and oval grey-green leaves on stalks which rise out of the water. Native to British Isles.
Featuring a white flower with a spicy scent, it requires little maintenance. Suited to part shade and full sun.
Masses of large white flowers with a tinge of pink. The floewing stems root into the bed to produce a flowering mass. Native to the British Isles.
Pink flowering Gladioli which have twisted leaves and produce a stunning visual effect. Visited by bees, they are best suited to full sun sites.
Butomus Umbellatus ‘Schneeweisschen’
A white variant of Butomus Umbellatus. Also native to the British Isles and suited to sites with full sun.
Calla Palustris (Bog Anum)
Bright green foliage and white flowers which produce crimson coloured fruit. Suitable for full sun locations only.
Rich golden-yellow flowers with heart shaped leaves. Can be placed in or near water, and flowers from early Spring through to Summer. Is loved by bees and suited to full or part sun.
Caltha Palustris Alba
The white variant of the Caltha Palustris with medium sized flowers featuring yellow centers. These are slightly more compact.
Caltha Palustris Leptosepala
Produces silver-white flowers and is originally found in Alpine swamps. Best suited to a wet location near a pond.
Caltha Palustris Plena
This is a double-flowering variety and produces large golden-yellow flowers. Best viewed in March/April and again in July.
Caltha Palustris Polypetala
Plant suited to bigger ponds as it grows very large with large stems and large yellow flowers. Suitable for sites with full sun.
Also known as Lady’s Smock or Cuckoo Flower as it’s flowering period coincides with the arrival of the first Cuckoo. Attractive to bees and native to the British Isles.
Native to the British Isles, this plant has slender leaves and is suitable for shallow depths and relatively small ponds. Best suited to full and part sun locations.
Native to Northern and Western Europe, it grows in most spots and produces dark feathered tips. Site in full sun or part shade.
Features leathery leaves with striking seed heads which have spikes. Commonly used in flowering arranging and best sited in full or part sun.
An architectural plant with light green feathered leaves which are finely tapered. Site in full sun or part shade. A native plant of the British Isles.
Best positioned in full sun or part shade, this is a native of the British Isles. It produces egg-shaped fruits with leaves which are pale blue on both sides.
Ideal for a location which has space at the waterside, the grass produces flowers on large stalks. Place in a site with full sun or part shade.
A tough plant which spreads to be quite large. Best suited to the margins of a large pond. Keep out of strong sunlight as it is best suited to dappled or part shade.
Produces masses of golden-yellow blossoms throughout the Summer. The foliage is light green and has a strong scent. Place in full sun or part shade.
Cyperus Alternifolius Involucratus
A tender plant which will need to be kept in a warm, sheltered pond. It produces yellow flowers in July and August and requires full sun.
Cyperus Alternifolius Gracilis
Smaller and more slender stems than the Involucratus variety, it is better suited to a small aquatic tub in a sheltered location such as a greenhouse.
Cyperus Longus (Sweet Galingale)
Best placed in muddy banks where it can spread very quickly. In a small plot, keep in a pot. Excellent for any wildlife pond and native to British Isles.
Dactylorhiza Majalis Praetermisia
A marsh orchid with pink flowers and dark spotted leaves, affixed to a hollow stem. Attractive to bees and best placed in sun or part shade.
Also known as the water horsetail or swamp horsetail, it grows along freshwater shorelines or in other shallow water such as ponds and ditches.
Evergreen with tall stems that are hollow. They also have brown oval flowers on the tip. Best suited to areas with full sun.
Similar to the Hyemale variety, it is taller and thicker stemmed though tends not to spread quite as far.
A much smaller variant of the Hyemale, it spreads well so may need to restricted to a container. Also likes full sun or part shade.
A British Isles native, the plant has bell-shaped pin flowers on long stems. Good pollinator for bees and should be grown in full or part sun.
Geum Rivale (Lemon Drop)
Similar to the plain Rivale variety, this plant has yellow flowers. Also a good plant for a wildlife garden.
An aquatic grass which will quickly spread along the edges of ponds and streams. Keep in check in a small area.
Glyceria Maxima Variegata
A variegated version of the plan variety and grown as an ornamental plant with striking cream and green leaves. In Spring, the leaves have a touch of pink. It should be grown in a container to restrict the spread.
Gratiola Officinalis (Summer Snowflake)
This plant has white flowers and a period of interest from May to September. It is suited to full sun or part shade.
Houttuynia Cordata Boo Boo
Bright red stems with leaves that turn red in autumn and have a crinkled effect. Plant should always be restricted as they can become invasive. Grow in part sun.
Houttuynia Cordata Chameleon
A multi-coloured plant with green, yellow, pink, and white parts. It also has scented leaves. Grow in an area with partial shade.
Houttuynia Cordata Plena
Produces a small orange peel scent with white pyramid flowers. Should be grown in a container and in part shade.
A plant for sun or part shade and British Isles native, it produces small yellow flowers from July through to September.
Hypericum Polyphyllum ‘Grandiflorum’
Very attractive to bees and ideal for a wildlife area when planted in part shade or full sun. Produces yellow flowers.
Iris Kaempferi ‘Mottled Blue’
Produces large white blooms with purple markings. Flowers periodically throughout the summer. Should be placed in sun or part shade.
Features large white blooms with purple markings. Flowers from June to September. Spreads indefinitely so should be kept in check in small and medium ponds.
Multiple variants with a variety of colours which flower in June and July. Should be planted in sun or part shade. Common varieties include:
- Ann Chowning
- Black Gamecock
- Marie Gallais
- Sea Wisp
A large Iris with strong upright sword shaped leaves. Unsuitable for small ponds due to the spread and height achieved. Very attractive to bees. Common varieties include:
- Berlin Tiger
- Variegated Yellow Flag
- Yellow Flag
Produces various colours depending on the chosen variety. Must be planted in a location with full sun. Common varieties include:
- Blue Flag
- Dark Aura
- Gerald Darby
Can be purchased in an upright or spiral variant, and are particularly suited to small ponds or water features.
Produces tufts of green foliage with brown flower spikes. Ideal for small ponds and wet banks. Plant in full sun or part shade.
Produces tall blue-grey leaves, however can spread and take over a small pond so should be kept contained.
Lobelia Queen Victoria
Features leaves which are dark in colour and bright scarlet flowers which appear through Summer and into Autumn. Attractive to bees.
Lychnis-Flos-Cuculi (Ragged Robin)
Available in pink or white, the plant reaches a metre in height and likes to be in a shallow spot. Native to the British Isles and good for pollinators.
Lycopus Europaeus (Gypsywort)
A plant with a nettle-like appearance. It is not particularly suitable for small ponds due to the size and spread. Good for pollinators however.
Featuring paddle-like leaves and a display of aroid like flowers, it has a strange smell. Good for bees.
Lysimachia Nummularia (Creeping Jenny)
Not a plant for small ponds, it produces a dense spread of foliage with a mass of golden yellow flowers which float over the water. Good for pollinators. A golden variety is also available, though not a native plant.
Producing a mass of golden yellow flowers on tall spires alongside green leaves. Native to the British Isles and suited to full sun or part sun.
Mentha Aquatica (Water Mint)
Produces clusters of lilac flowers. Not suitable for small ponds as like the land variety, it is quite invasive. Very good for pollinators however.
Another variant of the mint family, it is also not suitable for small ponds. Plant in full sun for best results.
Spreads just under the water surface and produces white flowers. Good for bees, however spreads up to one metre.
Produces tufts of hairy foliage and a mass of red flowers. Spreads very easily so avoid planting in small ponds. Requires full sun.
Another spreading Mimulus variety, it requires a position in full sun. Produces red trumpet flowers and tufts of hairy foliage.
A large variety of Mimulus with small red dots featuring on a yellow flower. Requires a pond in full sun, but good for bees.
A hardy species with blue/violet snapdragon-like flowers on branched stems. Requires full sun.
A yellow and copper coloured blotched flower in June, July and August. Requires a pond in full sun. Good for pollinators.
A good plant for a small pond, it is a native of the British Isles. Produces dainty blue flowers, however it is not as hardy as the woodland variant. There is also a variegated variety.
Produces blue-green lance shaped leaves with pencil shaped flowers that appear from under the water. Requires a position in full sun.
With upright foliage, this is an architecturally striking plant. The semi-evergreen leaves rise above the water surface. This plant requires full sun or part shade.
Produces white flowers with bold shield-shaped foliage which sits above the water. The plant requires a site in full sun or part shade.
Features flowers with long pink spikes and best used within pools within fluctuating water levels. Requires full sun and is very good for pollinators. Spreads very easily however.
A British native, this plant produces white club-like flowers through Summer, however sometimes as early as February. They also have large leaves. Not suitable for small ponds. Bee friendly.
Petasites Japonicus Giganteus
Not suitable for a small pond, this plant prefers a part shaded or sunny location. In large ponds, it provides good architecture when planted on the edge.
A reed which is a useful and attractive plant which provide good filtration. Site in a sunny location.
A very decorative blue, pink or white (depending on variety) flower which appear on spikes alongside heart-shaped leaves with swirled markings. Very good plant for pollinators. A giant version is also available.
Potentilla Palustris (Marsh Cinquefoil)
A red stemmed plant with purple or red flowers and jagged-tooth leaves. Site in full sun or part shade. Excellent for pollinating insects.
Preslia Cervina (Water Spearmint)
Featuring a strong aromatic smell, this plant features powdery blue flowers and is generally suitable for all pond sizes. Excellent for attracting pollinators and grows in part shade or full sun.
A double-flower that is part of the Buttercup family. A perfect plant for a wildlife pond as it is excellent at attracting bees.
Suitable for a small pond when containerised, this is a member of the Buttercup family. Good in full sun or part shade and good at attracting pollinators.
A less common species. Excellent in wildlife ponds and suited to part shade or full sun locations. Flowers from June through to August.
Green leaves with attractive red veins running through. Place the plant in full sun or part shade and of interest from May to August.
An excellent plant for pollinators. Spreads quite readily so may not be suitable to smaller ponds. Produces arrow-shaped long thin foliage which grows tall above the water line.
A dwarf form with narrow leaves and small white flowers. Suited to ponds and container water gardening in full sun or part shade. Execellent for bees.
Bears a profusion of large snow white flowers in the Summer which are particularly attractive. Good for attraction of bees.
Features broad green foliage and snow hite flowers with a yellow-green centre. Good for attraction of bees.
Grows arrow-shaped leaves with white flowers each featuring a purple centre. Native to the British Isles and good for pollinators.
A pendulous flower with heart-shaped bright green leaves, of which some have white markings. Flowers through Summer when planted in full sun or part sun.
Produces from from July through to December and like warm and wet Summers, and cold and dry Winters. There are a number of variants:
- ‘Alba’ – white flowers
- ‘Major’ – red flowers
- ‘Mrs Hegarty’ – pink flowers
Scirpus Lacustris (Club Rush)
Look best when grown in large clumps at the side of a wildlife pond. Ensure they remain contained as they can become invasive.
Scirpus Lacustris Zebrinus (Zebra Grass)
Effective in groups at the edge of a large pond, they resemble the spines of a porcupine. Only suited to full sun.
Produces small maroon flowers on long square stems. Much appreciated by bees. Should be grown in full sun.
Produces sword-shaped leaves. Brown prickly fruits appear once the heads of the flowers die back. Plant in full sun.
Stachys Palustris (Marsh Woundwort)
A British native which is pretty and looks like a cross between an Orchid and Nettle. Attractive to bees. Plant in full sun or part sun.
A tender plant where the leaves are dusted with white powder and produce small flowers. At risk in Winter unless the roots are deeply planted. Plant in full sun.
Provides fragrant purple or white flowers which appear from July to October. Provides good pest control.
A medium-sized variety which have slender dark green leaves with brown flower spikes. Only suited to sites with full sun.
A large variety and particularly vigorous so only suited to large lakes. Produces dark chocolate coloured seed heads.
A small variant which is the best choice for smaller ponds. The leaves are needle-like and the flower spikes are round and dark brown.
Produces dark blue flowers and glossy, round leaves. This plant is excellent for coverage on a muddy bank and attractive to bees. Only suitable for full sun.
A hardy Lily which likes marshy ground. It is eye-catching when planted in groups. Place in a location with plenty of sunlight.
Zephyranthes Candida (Water Rain Lily)
A white of pink, depending on variety, crocus-like flower. Flowers in August, September and October when planted in full sunlight.